myth


myth
myth 1 Myth, legend, saga all mean a story which has come down from the past, which ostensibly relates a historical event or events, and of which the origin has been lost or forgotten.
Myth varies considerably in its denotation and connotation depending on the persuasion of the user. Often the word is used to designate a usually fanciful and imaginative story that explains a natural phenomenon or a social practice, institution, or belief
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the old myth, imported hazily from the East, which represented the cat-moon devouring the gray mice of twilight— Repplier

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It is also used to designate a story, belief, or notion commonly held to be true but utterly without factual basis
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the doubts that women have about themselves are man-made, and most women are so enslaved to the myths of their own inferiority they are unable to see the truth for the mythsAshley Montagu

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The word may be used with wide comprehensiveness in general writing or with narrow exclusiveness and specificity in more limited use
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myths may be subdivided into such classifications as origin myths, ritual myths, incidents involving the lives of the gods, stories of culture heroes, trickster tales, journeys to the other world, human and animal marriages, adaptations of old world myths, and retellings of biblical stories— L. J. Davidson

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myths are said to be expressions or objectifications of "collective wishes" which are personified in the "leader" who is endowed by a given society with powers of social magic to fulfill the collective wish— Kroeber

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Legend is likewise used with latitude, but in its most typical use it is likely to apply to a story, incident, or notion attached to a particular person or place that purports to be historical and often has or seems to have a basis in historical reality although as a whole it is either incredible or unverifiable
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the medieval legends of the saints

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the wrecking of the Palatine which, according to legend, did not sink but rose flaming into the sky— Zimmer

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the violent deaths of several slaves quartered in them gave rise to a legend that this part of the house is haunted— Amer. Guide Series: Md.

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Saga may refer to a long, continued, heroic story that is action-packed but not especially romantic, that deals with a person or group, and that is historical or legendary or both
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the Saga of Burnt Njal

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the building of the railroad in the North-west was one of the great sagas of man's enterprise— Le Sueur

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Analogous words: *fiction, fable, fabrication, figment: invention, creation (see corresponding verbs at INVENT)
2 *allegory, parable, fable

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

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  • myth — [mıθ] n [U and C] [Date: 1800 1900; : Greek; Origin: mythos story, speech, myth ] 1.) an idea or story that many people believe, but which is not true = ↑fallacy myth of ▪ the myth of male superiority myth that ▪ the myth that wisdom accompanies… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Myth — is derived from the Greek word μύθος mythos , which simply means story . Academic usageIn the academic fields of mythology, mythography, or folkloristics, a myth is a sacred story involving symbols that are usually capable of multiple meanings… …   Wikipedia

  • Myth — es una saga de videojuegos de estrategia, ambientada en la antigüedad, donde se hace presente una gran mitología, batallas contra seres sobrenaturales y mucha violencia. Títulos de la saga La saga consta de los siguientes títulos: Myth: The… …   Wikipedia Español

  • myth — [ mıθ ] noun ** 1. ) count an ancient traditional story about gods, HEROES, and magic: Greek myths and legends a ) uncount ancient traditional stories: the distinction between myth and history 2. ) count or uncount something that people wrongly… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Myth — (engl. für „Mythos“) steht für: Myth, eine Computerspielserie bestehend aus Myth: The Fallen Lords, Myth II: Soulblighter und Myth III: The Wolf s Age MythTV, eine freie Media Center Software MythBusters, eine Fernsehsendung des US amerikanischen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • MYTH — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Myth. Introduction Le groupe Myth est spécialisé dans le déplombage de jeux vidéos, au même titre que le groupe DEViANCE par exemple. On distingue plusieurs moyens opératoires : le GameRip (GTA III par… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Myth — (m[i^]th), n. [Written also {mythe}.] [Gr. my^qos myth, fable, tale, talk, speech: cf. F. mythe.] 1. A story of great but unknown age which originally embodied a belief regarding some fact or phenomenon of experience, and in which often the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • myth — (n.) 1830, from Fr. Mythe (1818) and directly from Mod.L. mythus, from Gk. mythos speech, thought, story, myth, anything delivered by word of mouth, of unknown origin. Myths are stories about divine beings, generally arranged in a coherent… …   Etymology dictionary

  • myth|i|fy — «MIHTH uh fy», transitive verb, fied, fy|ing. to make mythical; build a myth around (a person, place, thing, or event) …   Useful english dictionary

  • myth|o|pe|ic — myth|o|poe|ic or myth|o|pe|ic «MIHTH uh PEE ihk», adjective. making myths; having to do with making myths …   Useful english dictionary